University of Cambridge   Department of Biological Anthropology
 University of Cambridge » Division of Biological Anthropology » Core Academic Staff » Peter Walsh


Dr. Frank Marlowe

University Lecturer
Tel: 1223764711


Dr. Marlowe’s research focuses on the behavioral ecology of foragers. He is interested in the sexual division of foraging labor, cooperation, parental investment, mating systems, and life history theory. Since 1995 he has conducted research with the Hadza, who are hunter-gatherers in Tanzania. His project collects longitudinal data on residence patterns, growth and health, foraging skills, food sharing, and reproduction. A cross-cultural and cross-species, comparative method is used to find ecological factors that predict behavior and reproductive outcomes in the absence of agriculture and gain insights into human evolution.

Complete Curriculum vitae [PDF]

Graduate Students

The Human Question (
Research interests include the evolution of religious behavior and the behavioral ecology of contemporary religious belief.

  • Duncan Stibbard Hawkes, PhD student
  • Katie Fitzpatrick, PhD student


Frank W. Marlowe, J. Colette Berbesque. 2012. The human operational sex ratio: Effects of marriage, concealed ovulation, and menopause on mate competition. [in press] Journal of Human Evolution [PDF]

Marlowe, F.W., Berbesque, J.C., Barrett, H. C., Bolyanatz, A., Gurven M. and Tracer, D.
2011. The ‘spiteful’ origins of human cooperation. Proceedings of the Royal Society Biology 278: 2159-2164. [PDF]

Marlowe, F.W., Berbesque, J.C. 2009. Tubers as fallback foods and their impact on
Hadza hunter-gatherers. American J. of Physical Anthropology 140:751-758. [PDF]

Marlowe, F.W. 2009. Hadza Cooperation: Second-Party Punishment, Yes; Third-Party-
Punishment, No. Human Nature 20:417-430. [PDF]

Marlowe, F.W., Berbesque, J.C., Barr, A., Barrett, C., Bolyanatz, A., Cardenas, J.C.,
Ensminger, J., Gurven, M., Gwako, E., Henrich, J., Henrich, N., Lesorogol, C.,
McElreath, R., Tracer, D. 2008. More ‘altruistic’ punishment in larger societies.
Proceedings of the Royal Society Biology 275:587-590. [PDF]

Marlowe, F.W. 2007. Hunting and gathering: The human sexual division of
foraging labor. Cross Cultural Research 41:170-195. [PDF]

Marlowe, F.W. 2005. Hunter-gatherers and human evolution. Evolutionary
Anthropology 14:54-67. [PDF]

Marlowe, F.W. 2004. Martial residence among foragers. Current Anthropology 45:277-
284. [PDF]

Marlowe, F.W. 2003. The mating system of foragers in the standard cross-cultural
sample. Cross-Cultural Research 37:282-306. [PDF]

Marlowe, F.W. 2003. A critical period for provisioning by Hadza men: Implications
for pair bonding. Evolution and Human Behavior 24:217-229. [PDF]


 © 2011 University of Cambridge, Division of Biological Anthropology [ webmaster ]