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Dr Daniel Longman

Dr Daniel Longman

Post-doctoral Researcher in Human Evolution

Biological Anthropology
Pembroke Street

Cambridge CB2 3QG



2011-2014: PhD, University of Cambridge

2008-9: MPhil Human Evolution, University of Cambridge

2005-8: BA Natural Sciences, University of Cambridge


Research Interests

My research utilises contemporary sport to test evolutionary theory. Competition is the driving force behind adaptation and ultimately of evolution. By studying the physiological characteristics that make an individual more competitive relative to others on the sports field, it is possible to gain a greater insight into the factors determining success and failure in the evolutionary arena.

My current work with the ADaPt Project (lead by Dr Jay Stock) analyses life history trade-offs. The prolonged physical exertion synonymous with ultra-endurance events induces an energy deficit, allowing observation of such trade-offs.  In my role of Fieldwork Lead, I have overseen the successful completion of four field studies analysing the physiology and psychology of athletes taking part in foot races of up to 300km in the world’s most challenging climates (in cold, hot-humid, hot-dry and high altitude conditions). We are working in collaboration with Dr Dan Gordon at Anglia Ruskin University to perform more detailed physiological analyses on participating athletes.  This project is furthering understanding of the life history trade-offs that result from the internal competition for resources that arise when an individual is energetically stressed, with implications for adaptation and performance in extreme environments.

My second area of interest concerns the influence of early life developmental factors on later life phenotype, an important avenue of research due to the health implications of key developmental periods.



I am involved in the teaching/examining of the following courses:


BAN6 Human Variation and Adaptation

BAN7 Advanced Behaviour


MPhil Human Evolutionary Studies


Other Professional Activities

Research Associate, Corpus Christi College


Key Publications

Most of the papers below can be found on Academia or Research Gate. Alternatively, please  for an electronic copy.

[1]   Longman, D., Stock, J.T. & Wells, J.C.K.  (2017). A trade-off between physical and cognitive performance, with relative preservation of brain function.  Scientific Reports

[2]   Longman, D.,  Prall, S.P., Shattuck, E.C., Stephen, I.D., Stock, J.T., Wells, J.C.k., & Muehlenbein, M.P. (2017). Short-term resource allocation during extensive athletic competition.  American Journal of Human Biology.

[3]   Longman, D., Wells, J.C.K., & Stock, J.T. (2015). Can persistence hunting signal male quality?  Having versus getting: a test using endurance athletes.  PLoS ONE. 10.4

[4]   Longman, D., Hutchinson, J.C., Stock, J.T., & Wells, J.C.K. (2014). Attentional strategies during rowing. Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 10:321-331.

[5]   Longman, D., Stock, J.T., & Wells, J.C.K. (2011). Digit ratio (2D:4D) and rowing ergometer  performance in males and females. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 144 (3), 337-341.

[6]   Longman, D., Stock, J.T., & Wells, J.C.K. (2011). Fluctuating asymmetry as a predictor for rowing ergometer performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 32 (8), 606-610.