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Dr Piers Mitchell

Dr Piers Mitchell

Affiliated Lecturer

Associate Fellow

Biological Anthropology
Department of Archaeology and Anthropology
University of Cambridge

Cambridge CB2 3QG
Office Phone: 01223 (7)64715

Biography:

BACKGROUND:

Trained as a paleopathologist, palaeoparasitologist, physical anthropologist, medical historian, and children's orthopaedic surgeon.

 

LEADERSHIP POSITIONS:

President of the Paleopathology Association (worldwide organisation for the study of disease in the past) 2015-2017.

President of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO) 2012-2015.

Associate Editor of the International Journal of Paleopathology, International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, and PostMedieval: a Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies.

Editor-in-Chief of the Cambridge Texts in Human Bioarchaeology book series, Cambridge University Press.

 

Research Supervision

1) Marissa Ledger – PhD. An Investigation of the Intestinal Parasites that Infected People Living in the Roman Empire, and their Effects Upon Health. 2016-2019.

2) Jenna Dittmar - Post doctoral fellow. Paleopathologist, After the Plague: Health in Medieval Cambridge. 2016-2020.

 

Teaching

I teach the topic of health throughout human evolution, currently course BAN8. This explores how disease has shaped the way humans have evolved, and also how diseases have evolved to exploit humans. After considering the different techniques available to investigate health in past populations, we discuss the biological and genetic impact of disease upon natural selection. The cultural consequences of ill health will also be explored, including the social and religious interpretation of why people became ill, coping strategies by past civilizations to live with diseases significant in their societies, and attempts to heal the sick.

 

Other Professional Activities

KEY PROJECTS

  • Parasites in Past Civilizations and their Impact Upon Health (PI)
  • After the Plague: Health in Medieval Cambridge (co-investigator)
  • Health in the Crusades: Epidemics, Malnutrition, and the Medieval Physician (PI)
  • Anatomical Dissection, Autopsy, and Pathology Museums in Britain from 1700 (PI)
  • Health and Disease in King Richard III (co-investigator)

Key Publications

Books

Mitchell, P.D. 2004. Medicine in the Crusades: Warfare, Wounds and the Medieval Surgeon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mitchell, P.D. (ed) 2012. Anatomical Dissection in Enlightenment Britain and Beyond: Autopsy, Pathology and Display. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Mitchell, P.D., Buckberry, J. (eds) 2012. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO). Oxford: Archaeopress.

Mitchell, P.D. (ed) 2015. Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations. Ashgate: Farnham.

Mitchell, P.D., Brickley, M. (eds) Updated Guidelines to the Standards for Recording Human Remains. Chartered Institute for Archaeologists/British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology: Reading (in press).

Mitchell, P.D., Le Bailly, M. (forthcoming) Parasites in Past Civilizations and their Impact Upon Health. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780511732386

 

Guest Editorship of Journal Issues

Paleoparasitology. International Journal of Paleopathology. 2013. Volume 3(3). Nine invited articles on different aspects of ancient parasites, with authors I chose from around the world.

 

Biological Anthropology Article List

 

2017

Mitchell, P.D. (2017) Human parasites in the Roman world: health consequences of conquering an empire. Parasitology 144: 48-58.

Williams, F., Arnold-Foster, T., Yeh, H.-Y., Ledger, M.L., Baeten, J., Poblome, J., Mitchell, P.D. (2017) Intestinal parasites from the 2nd-5th century AD latrine in the Roman baths at Sagalassos (Turkey). International Journal of Paleopathology 19: 37-42.

Yeh, H.-Y., Mitchell, P.D. (2017) Intestinal parasites in the 15th Century cesspool at del Pilar, in the Christian Quarter of Jerusalem. In: Clamer, C., Prag, K., Humbert, J.-B. (eds), Colegio de Pilar: Excavations in Jerusalem, Christian Quarter. Cahiers de la Revue Biblique, 88. Peeters: Leuven. p.154-61.

 

2016

Mitchell, P.D. (2016) Improving the use of historical written sources in paleopathology. International Journal of Paleopathology doi: 10.1016/j.ijpp.2016.02.005.

Mitchell, P.D. (2016) Paleopathology of the Crusades. In: Sinibaldi, M., Lewis, K.J., Major, B., Thompson, J.A. (eds) Crusader Landscapes in the Medieval Levant: the Archaeology and History of the Latin East. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, p.349-59.

Mitchell P.D. (2016) Anatomy and surgery in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages. In: Perdicoyianni-Paleologou, H. (ed) A History of Anatomy and Surgery in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds. Volume 2. Adolf Hakkert: Amsterdam, p.309-24.

Dittmar, J., Mitchell, P.D. (2016) From cradle to grave via the dissection room: the role of foetal bodies in anatomical education during the 1800s. Journal of Anatomy 229: 713-22.

Dittmar, J.M., Mitchell, P.D. (2016) The afterlife of Laurence Stern (1713-68): body snatching, dissection and the role of Cambridge anatomist Charles Collignon. Journal of Medical Biography 24(4): 559-65.

Stock, F., Knipping, M., Pint, A., Ladstatter, S., Delile, H., Heiss, A.G., Laermanns, H., Mitchell, P.D., Ployer, R., Steskal, M., Thanheiser, U., Urz, R., Wennrich, V., Bruckner, H. (2016) Human impact on Holocene sediment dynamics in the Eastern Mediterranean – the example of the Roman Harbour of Ephesus. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 41: 980-96.

Yeh, H.-Y., Chen, Y.-P., Mitchell, P.D. (2016) Human intestinal parasites from the Wushantou site in Neolithic Taiwan (800-0 BC). Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 11: 425-34.

Yeh, H.-Y., Mao, R., Wang, H., Qi, W., Mitchell, P.D. (2016) Early evidence for travel with infectious diseases along the Silk Road: intestinal parasites from 2,000 year old personal hygiene sticks in a latrine at Xuanquanzhi relay station in China. Journal Archaeological Science: Reports 9: 758-64.

Yeh, H.-Y., Mitchell, P.D. (2016) Ancient human parasites in ethnic Chinese populations. Korean Journal of Parasitology 54(5): 565-72.

 

2015

Mitchell, P.D. (2015) Human parasites in medieval Europe: lifestyle, sanitation and medical treatment. Advances in Parasitology 90: 389-420.

Mitchell, P.D. (2015) Why we need to know about sanitation in the past. In: Mitchell, P.D. (ed) Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations. Farnham: Ashgate pp.1-4.

Mitchell, P.D. (2015) Assessing the impact of sanitation upon health in early human populations from hunter-gatherers to ancient civilizations, using theoretical modeling. In: Mitchell, P.D. (ed) Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations. Farnham: Ashgate pp.5-17.

Mitchell, P.D. (2015) A better understanding of sanitation and health in the past. In: Mitchell, P.D. (ed) Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations. Farnham: Ashgate pp.229-33.

Mitchell, P.D. (2015) Intestinal parasites in the crusades: evidence for disease, diet, and migration. In: Boas, A. (ed) The Crusader World. Routledge p. 593-606.

Mitchell, P.D. (2015) The Trends in Biological Anthropology series. In: K. Gerdau-Radonic and K. McSweeney (eds) Trends in Biological Anthropology. Series no.1. Oxford: Oxbow. p.vii.

Anastasiou, E., Mitchell, P.D. (2015) Human intestinal parasites and dysentery in Africa and the Middle East prior to 1500. In: Mitchell, P.D. (ed) Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations. Farnham: Ashgate pp.121-47.

Dittmar, J.M., Mitchell, P.D. (2015) A new method for identifying and differentiating human dissection and autopsy in archaeological human skeletal remains. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 3: 73-9.

Yeh, H.-Y., Prag, K., Clamer, C., Humbert, J.B., Mitchell, P.D. (2015) Human intestinal parasites from a Mamluk Period cesspool in the Christian Quarter of Jerusalem: potential indicators for long distance travel in the 15th century AD. International Journal of Paleopathology 9: 69-75.

 

2014

Mitchell, P.D. Bloodletting: when, where and how. In: E. Dourish (ed.) Early Printed Treasures from Cambridge University Library. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2014 p.142.

Anastasiou, E., Lorentz, K.O., Stein, G.J., Mitchell, P.D. (2014) Prehistoric schistosomiasis parasite found in the Middle East. Lancet Infectious Diseases 14: 553-4.

Appleby, J., Mitchell, P.D., Robinson, C., Brough, A., Rutty, G., Morgan, B. (2014) The scoliosis of Richard III, last Plantagenet king of England: diagnosis and clinical significance. The Lancet 383: 1944.

Yeh, H.-Y., Pluskowski, A., Kalējs, U., Mitchell, P.D. (2014) Intestinal parasites in a mid-14th century latrine from Riga, Latvia: fish tapeworm and the consumption of uncooked fish in the medieval eastern Baltic region. Journal of Archaeological Science 49: 83-89.

 

2013

Mitchell, P.D., Yeh, H.-Y., Appleby, J., Buckley, R. (2013) The intestinal parasites of King Richard III. The Lancet 382: 888.

Mitchell, P.D., Millard, A.R. (2013) Approaches to the study of migration during the crusades. Crusades 12: 1-12.

Mitchell, P.D. (2013) The origins of human parasites: exploring the evidence for endoparasitism throughout human evolution. International Journal of Paleopathology 3: 191-98.

Mitchell, P.D. (2013) Editorial: the importance of research into ancient parasites. International Journal of Paleopathology 3: 189-90.

Mitchell, P.D. (2013) Crusades: Middle East migration, medieval era. In: The Encyclopedia of Global Migration. Ed. I. Ness, Blackwell Publishing. doi:10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm153.

Mitchell, P.D. (2013) Violence and the crusades: warfare, injuries and torture in the medieval Middle East. In: Knüsel, C., Smith, M. (eds) A History of Human Conflict: Osteology and Traumatised Bodies from Earliest Prehistory to the Present. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis pp.251-62.

Anastasiou, E., Mitchell, P.D. (2013) Human intestinal parasites from a latrine in the 12th century Frankish castle of Saranda Kolones in Cyprus. International Journal of Paleopathology 3: 218-23.

Anastasiou, E. Mitchell, P.D. (2013) Simplifying the process for extracting parasitic worm eggs from cesspool and latrine sediments: a trial comparing the efficacy of widely used techniques for disaggregation. International Journal of Paleopathology 3: 204-7.

Anastasiou, E., Mitchell, P.D. (2013) Evolutionary anthropology and genes: investigating the genetics of human evolution from excavated skeletal remains. Gene 528(1): 27-32.

Anastasiou, E., Mitchell, P.D. (2013) Paleopathology and genes: investigating the genetics of infectious diseases in excavated human skeletal remains and mummies from past populations. Gene 528(1): 33-40.

 

2012

Mitchell, P.D. (2012) There’s more to dissection than Burke and Hare: unknowns in the teaching of anatomy and pathology from the enlightenment to the early twentieth century in England. In: Mitchell, P.D. (ed) Anatomical Dissection in Enlightenment Britain and Beyond: Autopsy, Pathology and Display. Ashgate: Aldershot p.1-10.

Mitchell, P.D., Chauhan, V. (2012) Understanding the content of the Westminster Hospital pathology museum during the 1800s. In: Mitchell, P.D. (ed) Anatomical Dissection in Enlightenment Britain and Beyond: Autopsy, Pathology and Display. Ashgate: Aldershot p.139-54.

Mitchell, P.D., Buckberry, J. (2012) Introduction: biological anthropology. In: Proceedings of the 12th Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, Ed. P.D. Mitchell, J. Buckberry. Oxford: Archaeopress p.1-2.

Anastasiou, E., Mitchell, P.D., Jeffries, N. (2012) The paleoparasitology of 17th-18th century London. In: Proceedings of the 12th Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, Ed. P.D. Mitchell, J. Buckberry. Oxford: Archaeopress p.53-61.

Blondiaux, J., Fontaine, C., Demondion, X., Flipo, R.-M., Colard, T., Mitchell, P.D., Buzon, M., Walker, P. (2012) Bilateral fractures of the scapula: possible archaeological examples of beatings from Europe, Africa and America. International Journal of Paleopathology 2(4): 223-30.

Lo, K., Mitchell, P.D. (2012) A doorway to an invaded mind: using pathology museum specimens to understand the effects of neurosyphilis in 1930s London. In: Mitchell, P.D. (ed) Anatomical Dissection in Enlightenment Britain and Beyond: Autopsy, Pathology and Display. Ashgate: Aldershot p.155-64.

Smith, M., Knüsel, C., Chamberlain, A., Mitchell, P.D. (2012) Skeleton of ‘the Irish giant’: we cannot change the past, but we can learn from it. BMJ 344: e556.

 

2011

Mitchell, P.D., Anastasiou, E., Syon, D. (2011) Human intestinal parasites in crusader Acre: evidence for migration with disease in the Medieval Period. International Journal of Paleopathology 1: 132-37.

Mitchell, P.D., Redfern, R.C. (2011) Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Medieval London. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144: 479-84.

Mitchell, P.D. (2011) Retrospective diagnosis, and the use of historical texts for investigating disease in the past. International Journal of Paleopathology 1: 81-88.

Mitchell, P.D., Boston, C., Chamberlain, A., Chaplin, S., Chauhan, V., Evans, J., Fowler, L., Powers, N., Walker, D., Webb, H., Witkin, A. (2011) The study of anatomy in England from 1700 to the early 20th century. Journal of Anatomy 219(2): 91-99.

Mitchell, P.D. The spread of disease with the crusades. In: Between Text and Patient: The Medical Enterprise in Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Ed. B. Nance and E.F. Glaze. Florence: Sismel 2011, p.309-330.

Mitchell, P.D. Integrating historical sources with paleopathology. In: A. Grauer (ed) Companion to Paleopathology. New York: Wiley-Blackwell 2011, p.310-323.

Villotte, S., Knüsel, C., Mitchell, PD., Henry-Gambier, D. (2011) Probable carpometacarpal and tarsal coalition from Baousso da Torre Cave (Italy): implications for burial selection during the Gravettian. Journal of Human Evolution 61: 117-120.

Wagner, T.G., Mitchell, P.D. (2011) The illnesses of King Richard and King Philippe on the Third Crusade: an understanding of arnaldia and leonardie. Crusades 10: 23-44.

 

2010

Mitchell, P.D. Military Medicine. Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages. Ed. R.E. Bjork. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2010, vol.3, p.1142-3.

Mitchell, P.D. Disease. Medieval Warfare and Military Technology: an Encyclopedia. Ed. C. Rogers. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2010 vol.1, p.540-1.

Mitchell, P.D. Military Medicine: Medical treatment. Medieval Warfare and Military Technology: an Encyclopedia. Ed. C. Rogers. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2010 vol.2, p.585-89.

 

2009

Mitchell, P.D., Millard, A. (2009) Migration to the medieval Middle East with the Crusades. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140: 518-25.

Mitchell, P.D. (2009) A revised radiocarbon date for a case of treponemal disease from Safed, Israel, from the Fifteenth Century AD. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 139(2): 274.

Malhan, N.K., Greenslade, T., Mitchell, P.D. (2009) George Guthrie’s clinical trial at the Napoleonic War Battle of Toulouse in 1814. Journal of Medical Biography 17: 139-43.

Clarke, B., Mitchell, P.D. Tuberculosis of the hip in Victorian Britain. In: Lewis, M. Clegg, M. (ed) Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Oxford: Archaeopress 2009 p.53-9.

 

2008

Mitchell, P.D., Stern, E., Tepper, Y. (2008) Dysentery in the crusader kingdom of Jerusalem: an ELISA analysis of two medieval latrines in the city of Acre (Israel). Journal of Archaeological Science 35(7): 1849-53.

Mitchell, P.D., Redfern, R. (2008) Diagnositic criteria for developmental dislocation of the hip in excavated human skeletal remains. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 18(1): 61-71.

Mitchell, P.D. Contrasts in the standard of health in different communities in the medieval Kingdom of Jerusalem. In: Upton-Ward, J. (ed) The Military Orders: volume 4. On Land and by Sea. Aldershot: Ashgate 2008 p.23-8.

Mitchell, P.D. Combining palaeopathological and historical evidence for health in the crusades. In: Smith M, and Brickley, M. (eds) Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Oxford: Archaeopress 2008 p.9-16.

Mitchell, P.D., Huntley, J., Sterns, E. Bioarchaeological analysis of the 13th century latrines of the crusader hospital of St. John at Acre, Israel. In: Mallia-Milanes, V. (ed) The Military Orders: volume 3. Their History and Heritage. Aldershot: Ashgate 2008 p.213-23.

Mitchell, P.D. (2008) Comment on ‘Diet, tuberculosis and the paleopathological record’, by AK Wilbur, AW Farnbach, KJ Knudson, JE Buikstra. Current Anthropology 49(6): 979-80.

Suliman, A., Mitchell, P.D. Tuberculosis of the shoulder in a Victorian girl: how the invention of radiographs overturned a diagnosis of hysteria. In: Smith M, and Brickley, M. (eds) Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Oxford: Archaeopress 2008 p.93-99.

Brent, L. Mitchell, P.D. Rickets in Victorian London: why treatment was ineffective for so long. In: Smith M, and Brickley, M. (eds) Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Oxford: Archaeopress 2008 p.67-78.

 

2007

Mitchell, P.D., Tepper, Y. (2007) Intestinal parasitic worm eggs from a crusader period cesspool in the city of Acre (Israel). Levant 39: 91-5.

Mitchell, P.D., Millard, A.R. (2007) Migration in the crusades to the medieval Middle East. British Academy Review 10: 24-5.

Mitchell, P.D. Challenges in the study of health and disease in the crusaders. In: Faces from the Past: Diachronic Patterns in the Biology and Health Status of Human Populations of the Eastern Mediterranean. Ed. M. Faerman, L.K. Horwitz, T. Kahana, U. Zilberman. BAR international series 1603. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2007 p.205-12.

Mitchell, P.D., Redfern, R. (2007) The prevalence of dislocation in developmental dysplasia of the hip in Britain over the past thousand years. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics  28(7): 280-2.

Patel, R., Mitchell, P.D. The search for Rosa Pike: congenital syphilis in 1880s London. Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Ed. S.R. Zakrzewski and W. White. Oxford: Archaeopress 2007 p.49-53.

Bailey, J., Mitchell, P.D. (2007) A case for Sherlock Holmes: forensic investigation of a gunshot wound to the head dating from Victorian London. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 17: 100-4.

 

2006

Mitchell, P.D., Nagar, Y., Ellenblum, R. (2006) Weapon injuries in the 12th century crusader garrison of Vadum Iacob castle, Galilee. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 16 (2): 145-55.

Mitchell, P.D. (2006) Child health in the crusader period inhabitants of Tel Jezreel, Israel. Levant 38: 37-44.

Mitchell, P.D. (2006) Trauma in the crusader period city of Caesarea: a major port in the medieval eastern Mediterranean. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 16: 493-505.

Mitchell, P.D. The infirmaries of the Order of the Temple in the medieval kingdom of Jerusalem. In: The Medieval Hospital and Medical Practice: Bridging the Evidence. Ed. B. Bowers. Aldershot: Ashgate 2006 p.225-34.

Mitchell, P.D. The torture of military captives during the crusades to the medieval Middle East. In: Noble Ideals and Bloody Realities: Warfare in the Middle Ages, 378-1492. Ed. N. Christie and M. Yazigi. Leiden: E.J. Brill 2006 p.97-118.

Maslen, M., Mitchell, P.D. (2006) Medical theories on the cause of death in crucifixion. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 99: 185-8.

Mitchell, P.D. Disease. Encyclopedia of the Crusades. Ed. A.V. Murray. 4 vols. Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio, 2006, vol.2, p.358-60.

Mitchell, P.D. Warfare Injuries. Encyclopedia of the Crusades. Ed. A.V. Murray. 4 vols. Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio, 2006, vol.4, p.1254-5.

 

2005 and before

Mitchell, P.D. (2004) The palaeopathology of skulls recovered from a medieval cave cemetery at Safed, Israel (thirteenth to seventeenth century). Levant 36: 243-50.

Mitchell, P.D. Evidence for elective surgery in the Frankish states of the near east in the crusader period (12th-13th centuries). In: Gesundheit–Krankheit: Kulturtransfer Medizinischen Wissens von der Spätantike bis in die Frühe Neuzeit. Ed. K.P. Jankrift & F. Steger. Cologne: Böhlau-Verlag 2004, pp.121-38.

Mitchell, P.D. (2003) Pre-Columbian treponemal disease from 14th century AD Safed, Israel and the implications for the medieval eastern Mediterranean. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 121(2): 117-24.

Mitchell, P.D. The myth of the spread of leprosy with the crusades. In: The Past and Present of Leprosy. C. Roberts, K. Manchester, M. Lewis (eds). Oxford: Archaeopress. 2002 pp.175-81.

Mitchell, P.D., Stern, E. Parasitic intestinal helminth ova from the latrines of the 13th century crusader hospital of St. John in Acre, Israel. In: Proceedings of the XIIIth European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association, Chieti Italy. Ed. M. La Verghetta, L. Capasso. Teramo: Edigrafital S.p.A. 2001 pp.207-13.

Mitchell, P.D. An evaluation of the leprosy of King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem in the context of the mediaeval world. Appendix in: B. Hamilton, The Leper King and his Heirs: Baldwin IV and the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2000 pp.245-58.

Mitchell, P.D. (2000) The evolution of social attitudes to the medical care of those with leprosy within the Crusader States. In: Lépreux et Sociabilité du Moyen Âge et Temps Modernes. Ed. B. Tabuteax. Cahiers du GRHIS series no.11, Rouen: University of Rouen, p.21-8.

Mitchell, P.D. (1999) The integration of the palaeopathology and medical history of the crusades. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology  9(5): 333-343.

Mitchell, P.D. Tuberculosis in the crusades. In: Tuberculosis: Past and Present  ed. G. Palfi, O. Dutour, J. Deak, I. Hutas. Golden Book-TB Foundation: Budapest-Szeged, Hungary  1999 p.43-9.

Mitchell, P.D. The archaeological approach to the study of disease in the Crusader States, as employed at Le Petit Gérin. In: The Military Orders. Volume 2. Welfare and Warfare   ed. H. Nicholson. Ashgate: Aldershot 1998 pp.43-50.

Mitchell, P.D. (1997) Further evidence of disease in the Crusader Period population of Le Petit Gérin  (Tel Jezreel, Israel)  Tel Aviv   24(1): 169-79.

Zias, J. and Mitchell, P.D.  (1996) Psoriatic arthritis in a fifth century Judean Desert monastery  American Journal of Physical Anthropology  101: 491-502.

Mitchell, P.D. (1994) Pathology in the Crusader Period: human skeletal remains from Tel Jezreel  Levant   26: 67-71.

Mitchell, P.D. (1993) Leprosy and the case of King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem: mycobacterial disease in the Crusader States of the 12th and 13th centuries. International Journal of Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases  61(2): 283-91.

 

Other Publications

EXAMPLES OF MEDIA ARTICLES ABOUT MY RESEARCH

Cause of Death in Crucifixion, 2006

Dysentery in the Crusades, 2008 Crusader’s Bug. Science magazine, 30 May 2008, 320: 1139.

Migration with Parasites, 2011 Ravilious, K. 2013. The early turd: our ancestors’ excrement. New Scientist Magazine, 27 April: 44-45.

Anatomical Dissection in the Enlightenment, 2011

Parasites in Crusader Castle, 2013

Richard III Parasites, 2013

Evolution of Human Parasites, 2013

Richard III Scoliosis, 2014

Prehistoric Schistosomiasis, 2014

Mamluk Jerusalem Latrine, 2015

Anatomical Study of Infants in the 1800s, 2016

Roman Parasites and Sanitation, 2016

Spread of Ancient Parasites Along the Silk Road, 2016

 

MEDIA APPEARANCES

Filmed and/or Paid Specialist Consultant for the following TV programmes:

 
In Search of Syphilis, broadcast on BBC2 in Sept 2002. 

Moments in time: the Crusades, broadcast on Discovery Channel, Aug 2003. 

Holy Warriors: Richard and Saladin, broadcast on BBC2 in December 2004. 

The Crusades, broadcast on BBC2 in May 2005. 

The Crusaders’ Lost Fort, Timewatch, broadcast on BBC2 in April 2006.

The Science of Crucifixion, Prospect Pictures, broadcast on Discovery Channel, April 2012.

You Tube Short Film. ‘The Body Snatchers: Corpse and Effect.’ Cambridge University, October 2012.

Richard III: King in the Car Park, Darlow Smithson Productions, broadcast Channel 4, February 2013.

Richard III: The Unseen Story, Darlow Smithson Prodiuctions, broadcast More4, February 2013.

Medieval Dead: Pestilence and Disease, Dragnonshead Productions, UKTV Yesterday, 2013.

BBC News 24 interview on the parasites of Richard III, broadcast worldwide Sept 2013.

Associated Press interview on the parasites of Richard III, broadcast worldwide Sept 2013.

Richard III: The New Evidence, Darlow Smithson Productions, broadcast Channel 4, 2014.

The History of Toilets, MBC South Korea, Sept 2017.

How the Silk Road Made the World, NHNZ Productions/CCTV China, Oct 2017.

 

Radio interviews on national programs discussing my research, for example:


UK:     

BBC Radio 4 (Today Program) March 2006, on my crucifixion study.

BBC Radio (multiple stations) Sept 2013, on Richard III intestinal parasites study.

BBC World Service (Newshour) July 2016, on Silk Road parasites study.

USA:   

Science Update (AAAS) June 2008, on dysentery in the crusades.

National Public Radio (NPR) Jan 2016, Roman parasites and sanitation.

Australia:

ABC Radio National (The Ark) May 2007, on medicine in the crusades. 

ABC Radio National (The Science Show) Nov 2013, on ancient parasites.

ABC Radio National (Summer Breakfast) Jan 2016, Roman parasites and sanitation.

Canada:

CBC National Radio Jan 2016, on Roman parasites

New Zealand:

Radio New Zealand (This Way Up) Jan 2016, on Roman parasites.